The general public, social workers, and human right activists have contradictory views related to bail bonds. The law enforcement authorities and courts have a different vision of bail bond facility and its implementation. According to them, it is a clear discrimination and a question mark for the law and enforcement systems.
State authorities firstly pass or reject bail bonds but when the case is sent to federal court for hearing the bail bonds are not accepted in the same way. Bonds in Federal Court are considered as Signature Bonds which are unsecured bonds very similar to a promissory note, usually signed by a responsible third party. The federal court revises and cross-checks all proves and reasons that were presented in front of state authorities to get a bail. After hearing and revision federal court decides to allow the accused party to fight case from jail or home.
The federal magistrate judge usually decides all upon the first appearance. The hearing for bail bond decision may take place at the initial appearance, or within five court working days after that if the attorney needs more time to prepare. Many times the decisions are contradictory to that of state authorities.
The federal court also decides the amount for a bail bond, and there is no fix bail amount for any specific crime in federal court. The decision is taken by focusing on the initial proves provided, condition of the case, seriousness of the crime, history of the person, and financial status.
Getting a bail bond from federal court is tough. In most cases, the court discards the bail bond by the state authorities or increase the amount of the bail.
Depending upon the case, conditions can be imposed by the federal court along with the approval of bail bond. The conditions may include pretrial supervision, mental health treatment, strict traveling restrictions, regular appearance in police stations, mental health treatment, electronic monitoring to make sure that bondholder will not disappear and will attend the court hearings.
On the other hand in some cases, federal court grant a bail bond even if the state authority has rejected the bail application which is a good news for the accused party. The bail bondsman plays a vital role in the approval of bail bond in the federal court. In most cases, people appreciate the decision by federal courts because of their clean and responsible role but still for a person who cannot afford the bail bonds freedom is not a chance according to the system which makes the role of bail bonds only in favor of rich class.